How to Build a Japanese Garden
Japanese Garden, there are few styles of garden more clinical yet as serene and calming as Japanese gardens. These gardens traditionally make extensive use of water, stone lanterns, bamboos, maples, azaleas, bridges and pagodas, but a simpler form can be created for small, enclosed gardens.
This is the so-called ‘dry garden’, a replica Japanese garden in which raked coarse sand or fine gravel covers the entire area and represents water, with rocks carefully positioned to create land. Additionally, distinctive plants in containers can be strategically placed to form focal points or areas of interest near paths or buildings. Planting bushes and small trees can also be done on the ground at the edges, with sand around it. Specimens of bonsai, the ancient Japanese art of miniature plant-growing, can be displayed on low tables. Plant Shrubs and bonsai trees in shallow small containers and store them in the dwarf through regular pruning of leaves, stems and roots.
Japanese Garden – Construction and maintenance
Small ‘dry’ gardens are easy to plan and quick to build, but sometimes they suffer from problems with weeds. When preparing the area allocated for your dry garden. Remove all perennial weeds, such as docks, dandelions, couch grass and ground elder. Rake and firm the surface, then place a porous fabric or plastic sheet over the entire area. Next, place a thin layer of fine gravel or coarse sand over the top. Japanese garden surface You need to brush it regularly to make patterns in gravel or sand and to remove debris, such as fallen leaves. Use a metal garden rake to create patterns. In ancient Japanese gardening, alternating rows of straight and wavy lines represent the flowing of a stream, while circles raked around rocks accentuate the fact that they look like islands.
Japanese Garden – Plants for dry Garden Containers
Acerpalmatum ‘Dissectum Atropurpureum’:
Forms a low, dome-headed deciduous tree with finely-cut, bronze-red leaves. A. p. ‘Dissectum’ is similar, with light green leaves. Both these small trees are ideal for planting in large tubs, or even in the ground with gravel drawn around them. Height: 60-75cn Spread: 1.2m (4ft)
Fargesia nitida (previously known as Arundinaria nitida):
Hardy bamboo with purple stems that reveal a waxy bloom and bear bright green leaves. It is ideal for planting in a large, wooden planter. Height: 1.8-2.4m (6-8ft) Spread: Forms a clump
A tea garden was traditionally important in the ritual of Japanese tea ceremonies – an area where people would assemble and cast off worldly cares before drinking tea. The garden’s purpose was to encourage serenity and to focus thoughts. The garden was uncomplicated by ephemeral flowers; instead, trees, shrubs and ferns created a timeless and serendipitous landscape. The dry garden described opposite emulates this area of the Japanese garden.